"Skeletal Muscle Molecular Mechanics and the Fundamental Principles of Biological Motion"

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Board Approved CE:

  • CMTO
  • CPTA

Course Summary

Dr. Pollack summarizes over 4 decades of research on cell-water and its role in muscle contraction. Discover, as a conclusion, that one of the benefits and effects of massage is to RE-HYDRATE the muscle fibers, the myofilaments, leading to skeletal muscle release.

Skeletal Muscle Molecular Mechanics and the Fundamental Principles of Biological Motion
Video Presentation Overview:

A 2.5 hour self-study Video Presentation by Professor Gerald H. Pollack, Ph.D Bioengineering

Section I – Skeletal Muscle Molecular Mechanics (one hour)

  • Skeletal muscle architecture
  • The sarcomere structure
  • The sliding-filament—cross-bridge theory
  • Testing the theory
  • Scientific evidence of filament shortening
  • Generators and sustainers of tension
  • The tension-length relation
  • Is the structure appropriate?
  • Thick filament structure
  • Thin filament structure
  • Contraction dynamics
  • Step size experiment confirmed
  • Scientific evidence of filament shortening
  • Thick and thin filament shortening

Section II – The Fundamental Principles of Biological Motion (1.5 hours)

  • The role of cell water in biology (the space is NOT empty)
  • The organization of cell water molecules
  • The Exclusion Zone (EZ); the fourth phase of water (a gel)
  • How EZ water differs from bulk water?
  • Charge separation, a battery!
  • The Exclusion Zone structure
  • Water, Charges, and Motion
  • Self-assembly principles
  • The role of cell water in muscle contraction
  • Skeletal muscle structure
  • Thick filament and water structure
  • Water order and disorder
  • Phase transition and muscle contraction
  • The energy that rebuilt the Exclusion Zone
  • Joints, gels, and the repulsive power of protons

Video Presentation Course Description

Skeletal Muscle Molecular Mechanics and the Fundamental Principles of Biological Motion

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Presented by Gerald H. Pollack, Ph.D.

Skeletal muscle molecular mechanics begins with a plunge into the depths of the skeletal muscle architecture; this is to establish a framework for the review of the sliding-filament—cross-bridge theory released in 1954. Since then, ongoing experimental research and improved technical instrumentation has allowed scientists to provide more clues in relation to the molecular mechanics of skeletal muscle function. Is the theory adequate?

Prof. Pollack, over several years, has compiled a vast documentation of experimental research and with his own experiments, has demonstrated that the sliding-filament—cross-bridge theory is not as simple of a mechanism in which filaments at constant length slide past one another and propel by a rotational cycling and detachment of the cross-bridges. He has spent more than three decades studying the sarcomere with sub-nanometer precise devices; and his last twenty years have been devoted to research on cell water molecular behavior. Prof. Pollack has published over 250 scientific papers.

This fresh insight of knowledge, offers practitioners involved in the field of manual therapy a deeper understanding regarding the underlying physiological and biomechanical mechanisms of skeletal muscles and their role in somatic dysfunctions.

Course Objectives

  • Discover how the molecular arrangement in the sarcomere helps to maintain postural stabilization in relaxed gravity-neutral upright posture (EMG silent).
  • Discover the molecular structure responsible for resting muscle tension.
  • Gain a deeper understanding of skeletal muscle architecture and function.

You will be able to:

  • Describe and compare the sarcomere dynamics during contraction as observed from different scientific research methods.
  • Define the role of cell-water molecular behaviour in muscle contraction and dysfunction and in sprain and strain injuries.
  • Define the role of cell-water in:  feeling light (feeling energetic) and feeling heavy (fatigue).
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